By the time you’ve begun to notice bowing or buckling in your basement walls, there’s a good chance that this situation has been present for a long time. Bowing walls occur most often due to the force of hydrostatic pressure. Hydrostatic pressure occurs when water presses against the basement walls, causing the weight against the walls to exceed their capacity. Walls can also bow and fail when expansive clays or frost cause expansion of the soils to fatigue and damage the wall.
Cracking, bowing, and buckling foundations are indicators of a serious problem for a homeowner. These problems should always be taken seriously and repaired as soon as possible.